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Types of Personalities

BY Mohammed Allaloush

A person is scientifically proven to be born a blank slate devoid of direction or self-formation. Instead, it carries the readiness to receive science and knowledge, form the personality, and be shaped according to a specific behavioural line.
_Definition of personality in psychology is a scientific study of human behaviour and its compatibility with the environment surrounding it. The word personality means the mask that Greek actors wore on their faces. While they were acting on stage, and based on the concept of the mask, it was believed that character was the impact and influence that the person wearing the mask had on the viewers.
_Personality is: “that integrated organization of physical, emotional, mental, and social traits, which appear to be in a state of interaction with each other, and as they appear in a specific social environment, through the various social interactions that the individual exhibits, and which distinguishes him from other individuals. This means that personality includes The individual’s motives, emotions, inclinations, interests, congenital traits, opinions and beliefs, as well as his social habits, intelligence, special talents, values ​​and tendencies. These aspects exist in an integrated whole characterized by consistency and regularity. In this sense, the personality is a whole that does not consist of a set of elements. Not only, but a whole that gives the sum of its elements its meaning, order, and function.”
_Factors affecting personality: Biological neuroscience has been interested in many biological factors that affect the process of growth and maturation of the individual, leaving its effects on the entire personality later on. Two primary factors determine personal biological factors:
•Genetic factors (the effect of heredity): Our genetic characteristics are transmitted to us from our parents through tiny cells that link our bodies with the bodies of our grandparents and ancestors. Each individual derives its origin and existence from the union of these small cells (sperm and egg). We inherit these traits equally from our parents, meaning that both father and mother have the same importance in transmitting genetic characteristics.
• Physiological factors, which are divided into:
Factors specific to the mother: We can call these factors the sum of internal environmental factors that affect the fetus during its formation, growth and development inside the uterus, starting from the moment of fertilization and for nine months (42 weeks) and ending with the first signs of birth and the child’s emergence into life.
Factors specific to the child: The physiological factors specific to the child, which affect the determination of his personality, include two primary factors: the first is the effect of endocrine glands on behaviour and personality, and the second is the effect of structure and physical composition.
_In addition to other factors that affect an individual’s personality, including:
Environment: These physical, social, cultural and civilizational factors help build the individual’s personal formation. The social environment gives the individual behavioural patterns through his interaction with his societal surroundings, which may make him a distinct individual in his own right.
Education: The education process is a group of mental activities in which the individual practices his new experiences, whether habits, values, trends, standards, etc.
The family and the style of upbringing: The family has a significant influence on the psychological development of the child in the first stage of his life, from which he acquires his experiences, abilities, skills, and behaviour, which affects his psychological development positively or negatively. The stability of the family is essential in nurturing the child’s personality, so the more family there is. He became more stable, his self-confidence increased, and he became more secure and reassured. The parents’ style of upbringing is of great importance in shaping the individual’s personality.
Types of personalities, characteristics and characteristics of each personality:
Introverted personality: One of the most essential characteristics of an introverted person is that he is a person who prefers loneliness, isolation, and not mixing with others. He often feels nervous and afraid of gatherings and being in places full of strangers. He cannot express his feelings, so he appears to others to be cold, cruel, and arrogant and does not tend to criticize or praise others. He does not have an evident influence on others and is not affected by the advice or criticism of others. He is also unable to communicate with others quickly and prefers to choose areas where he does not mix with others, requiring calm and concentration.
_How to deal with introverted personalities:
Others must understand the nature of people with introverted personalities, not criticize them and insist on them mingling with others but provide indirect suggestions and advice to help them mingle and deal with the outside world and persuade them gradually to emerge from this isolation and form friendships.
Narcissistic personality: She is a person who is very concerned with herself and herself. One of the most essential characteristics of a selfish person is that he always talks about himself and often mentions his characteristics, virtues, achievements, and talents. People with narcissistic personalities feel that they are of great importance in life, and he is often superficial-minded people. He is an arrogant and conceited person, and usually… He tries to exploit others for his benefit.
_How to deal with a narcissistic personality: The narcissistic personality is considered one of the most complex personalities to deal with because they do not feel satisfied after any giving. Therefore, it is preferable to ignore the pressing and excessive requests of narcissistic personalities and try to teach them the concept of giving and that it is much more beautiful than taking.
Neurotic personality: One of the essential characteristics of a nervous person is that he is easily irritable, gets angry quickly, and cannot conceal what is inside him, and his reaction is often exaggerated. People with nervous personalities are characterized by stubborn people who cannot control their feelings or words, especially when someone disagrees with their opinion.
_How to deal with neurotic personalities: It is preferable not to engage in heated discussions with nervous people. When the traits of nervousness begin to appear by postponing the debate for a later time and not using provocative words, this will make him aroused and emotional.

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